Puffin Facts

Fratercula arctica

(Atlantic Puffin)

Nicknamed the Clown of the Sea

Fratercula arctica
Fratercula arctica

Taxonavigation

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Superphylum: Bilateria
Clade: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Classis: Aves
Subclassis: Carinatae
Infraclassis: Neornithes
Parvclassis: Neognathae
Ordo: Charadriiformes
Subordo: Alcae
Familia: Alcidae
Genus: Fratercula
Species: Fratercula arctica
Subspecies: F. a. arcticaF. a. grabaeF. a. naumanni

Source: http://species.wikimedia.org/wiki/Fratercula_arctica

To hear their sounds (courtesy of Cornell Lab of Ornithology) click here.

According to the Cornell Lab of Ornithology, the Atlantic Puffin is “silent above ground, in breeding burrow makes growling sound like a chainsaw buzzing.”

Physical Description:1
Stocky, large-headed black-and-white bird.
Large triangular bill colored red, blue, and yellow in summer, but duller in winter.
White cheek.
Black back, neck and top of head.
Legs orange.

There is no obvious difference in appearance between the sexes.

Random Facts:

Canadian liberal politician, Michael Ignatieff, suggested using the Atlantic Puffin as the official party symbol.2
The Atlantic Puffin is the provincial bird of Newfoundland and Labrador.3
The Atlantic Puffin is on the coat-of-arms for municipality of Værøy (kommune), Norway.4

Coat-of-arms for municipality of Værøy (kommune), Norway

Coat-of-arms for municipality of Værøy (kommune), Norway

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Fratercula cirrhata

(Tufted Puffin)

Fratercula cirrhata

Fratercula cirrhata

Taxonavigation

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Superphylum: Bilateria
Clade: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Classis: Aves
Subclassis: Carinatae
Infraclassis: Neornithes
Parvclassis: Neognathae
Ordo: Charadriiformes
Subordo: Alcae
Familia: Alcidae
Genus: Fratercula
Species: Fratercula cirrhata

Source: http://species.wikimedia.org/wiki/Fratercula_cirrhata

To hear their sounds (courtesy of Cornell Lab of Ornithology) click here.

Physical Description:5

They are stocky, large-headed, dark seabirds. Breeding adults are all black except for white face and long golden plumes curling over back of their head and neck. They have large bills and red-orange, with a bright-orange yellow plate over the base. Nonbreeding adults have dark gray faces with no head plumes or bill plates. They are approximately 14-16 inches long with a wingspan of 29 inches and weigh in at about 18 – 36 ounces.

The sexes look alike.

Random Facts:

  • The Tufted Puffin can capture and hold multiple small fish crosswise in its bill, routinely 5 to 20 fish at a time, for delivery to chicks at the nest. Adults eat their own food while still under water.6
  • Nesting Tufted Puffins are highly vulnerable to red and arctic foxes, river otters, brown bears, and other mammals. Such predators were once absent from most islands in the northeast Pacific, but were introduced in the 1800s and early 1900s. Where present, mammalian predators have devastated or eliminated Tufted Puffins from many islands, but programs to eradicate the introduced species have led to dramatic recovery of puffin populations.7
  • Once hunted for its feather and for food, it is now illegal in most places to hunt these birds.8

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Fratercula corniculata

(Horned Puffin)

Fratercula corniculata

Fratercula corniculata

Taxonavigation

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Superphylum: Bilateria
Clade: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Classis: Aves
Subclassis: Carinatae
Infraclassis: Neornithes
Parvclassis: Neognathae
Ordo: Charadriiformes
Subordo: Alcae
Familia: Alcidae
Genus: Fratercula
Species: Fratercula corniculata

Source: http://species.wikimedia.org/wiki/Fratercula_cirrhata

To hear their sounds click here and scroll down. On the left you will find a section to listen to its call.

Physical Description:9

Stocky, large-headed black-and-white waterbird. Black upperparts. Black throat. White underparts. Very deep, rounded bill. Bill yellow at base and red near tip during breeding season. It is approximately 15 inches and weighs about 17 – 23 ounces.

The sexes are similar, males are slightly larger.

Random Facts:

  • The Horned Puffin carries small fish crosswise in its bill and delivers them to its nestlings. One individual was observed carrying 65 fish at once.10
  • Unlike other puffins, which nest in burrows, the Horned Puffin typically nests in rock crevices and cliffs.11
  • The yellow bill plate grows before the breeding season and is shed later.12

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Cerorhinca monocerata

(Rhinocerous Auklet)

Also known as Horn-billed Puffin, Rhino Auk, Rhino Auklet, Rhinoceros Auklet, Unicorn Auklet

Rhinoceros Auklet

Rhinoceros Auklet

Taxonavigation

Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Classis: Aves
Subclassis: Carinatae
Infraclassis: Neornithes
Parvclassis: Neognathae
Ordo: Charadriiformes
Subordo: Alcae
Familia: Alcidae
Genus: Cerorhinca
Species: Cerorhinca monocerata

Source: http://species.wikimedia.org/wiki/Cerorhinca_monocerata

To hear their sounds (courtesy of Cornell Lab of Ornithology) click here.

Physical Description:13

Stocky, dark gray, white-bellied medium-sized bird. Breeding adults have vertical white projection at base of orange bill, and two thin white plumes on face. They stand about 11 inches tall and have a 23-24 inch wingspan, weighing in between 12 – 22 ounces.

Males have slightly longer facial plumes in the breeding season than female.

Random Facts:

  • It is the only living species left of its genus, Cerorhinca, which evolved in the mid-late Miocene period.14
  • Its ancestor, the Great Auk, was one of the last of the flightless auks to live and became extinct in the 19th century.15
  • The Rhinoceros Auklet primarily feeds its young at night. (This behavior may be an adaptation to keep gulls and other species from stealing its food.)
  1. http://www.birds.cornell.edu/AllAboutBirds/BirdGuide/Atlantic_Puffin.html []
  2. http://www.ctv.ca/servlet/ArticleNews/story/CTVNews/20070830/ignatieff_beaver_070830/20070830?hub=TopStories []
  3. http://www.gov.nf.ca/aboutnl/puffin.htm []
  4. http://inema.com.br/ENG/Mat/idmat100376.htm []
  5. http://www.birds.cornell.edu/AllAboutBirds/BirdGuide/Tufted_Puffin.html []
  6. http://www.birds.cornell.edu/AllAboutBirds/BirdGuide/Tufted_Puffin.html []
  7. http://www.birds.cornell.edu/AllAboutBirds/BirdGuide/Tufted_Puffin.html []
  8. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tufted_Puffin []
  9. http://www.birds.cornell.edu/AllAboutBirds/BirdGuide/Horned_Puffin.html []
  10. http://www.birds.cornell.edu/AllAboutBirds/BirdGuide/Horned_Puffin.html []
  11. http://www.birds.cornell.edu/AllAboutBirds/BirdGuide/Horned_Puffin.html []
  12. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Horned_Puffin []
  13. http://www.birds.cornell.edu/AllAboutBirds/BirdGuide/Rhinoceros_Auklet.html []
  14. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rhinoceros_Auklet []
  15. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rhinoceros_Auklet []